Ganja is Azerbaijan’s second largest city with a population close of about 325,200. For a short period, Ganja renamed Abbasabad by Shah Abbas after war against the Ottomans. He built a new city 8 kilometres (5 miles) to the southwest of the old one, but the name changed back to Ganja during the time.
Among the oldest surviving examples of Islamic architecture in Ganja are the Nizami Mausoleum and Shah Abbas Caravanserai, which assisted the Shahs during their siege of the city
Ganja Shah Abbas Caravanserai is one of the unique ancient historical artifacts of Azerbaijani architecture.
The Safavid ruler Shah Abbas (1557- 1628) seized Ganja in 1606. After his ascent to the throne in 1587, he did a lot of work to expand, strengthen and develop the country.
At the same time, Shah Abbas, who was a very cruel ruler, took brutal steps to maintain his power and even killed his loved ones and his son for the sake of power.
Shah Abbas Square in the city centre is 400 years old. There used a mosque, a caravanserai (17th century), the Chokak bath, the Haji Baghir underground water pipe and a khan’s graveyard here. Its second name Market Square.
The market square, which characteristic of all medieval cities, operated as a public and trade centre.
Since it was too big for its structure and size, it was also called the Big Square. The square was surrounded by 40-45 meter high plane trees.
And, first of all, also, another, furthermore, finally, in addition Legend has it that when a new city established.
Shah Abbas told gardeners, who planted plane trees around the square, “genja-genja basdirin” (plant them away from each other).
So that these long-lived and big trees do not get in each other’s way. It is believed that the city was called Ganja for this reason.