Siyazan district was founded on February 11, 1940. It was abolished in 1959 and was given to Davachi district (now Shabran). In 1992 Siyazan was again a separate region. After departing from Davachi region, the ancient villages of Siyazan Akbash and Galaalti sanatorium remained in the Shabran district. The total area of the district was 0.738 thousand square meters. km.
The Siyazan district is located in the north of Azerbaijan, on the Greater Caucasus Mountain, on the Caspian Sea coast of Samur-Davachi. In the southeastern part of the slopes, semi-desert landscapes and grass-grass, brown, brown, partly black soils are characteristic of the forest-meadow landscape. Its territory is mainly oil and natural gas, as well as limestone, gravel, clay and so on. rich in natural resources. From the territory of Siyazan district, automobile roads and railways of national significance pass. 40 km of Baku-Guba highway and 47 km of Baku-Makhachkala railroad run into the territory. There are 4 railway stations in the district. These are the Golden-Burun, Zarat, Siyazan and Gil-Gilchay railway stations.
In the lowland and foothills of the district, semi-desert and dry steppes are characterized by moderate hot climate, which prevails in lower mountainous areas. Air temperature is 1.5 ° C in January and 23-25 ° C in July. Summer is hot and dry. The annual amount of precipitation is between 200 and 400 mm. Gilgil and Ata rivers, flowing through the district, are poured into the Caspian Sea.
The basis of the economy of Siyazan region is the oil and gas industry. The gross output of the region was 39.3 million manat in 2005. Retail turnover in the region is 12.7 million manat. In 2005, industrial products worth AZN 11.7 million were produced in the region. Grain, livestock and vegetable growing occupy an important place in agriculture. In 2005, agricultural products worth 21.6 million manat were produced, most of which fell to share of livestock (92.7%). Poultry in the region is considered to be one of the better developed areas in recent years. Currently, the Siyazan-Broiler ATC operates in the district.
In the Siyazan region, there are 6 secondary schools, one boarding school, one young sports school and one music school. The Central Hestexa Diagnostic Center (regional) center polyclinic for use in the Siyazen seafront