Beylagan district has a rich history, Beylagan district founded in January 1939 with the name of Jdanov. In 1963, the district abolished and united with the Imishli district, the central city of Imishli. In 1964, Jdanov separated. By the decision of the Supreme Council of the Azerbaijan SSR dated March 19, 1989, the name of the city renamed to the ancient city of Beylagan in ruins. It is a historical fact that the foundation of the ancient city of Beylagan was supposed to be erected in the IV century and spread in the XIII century. The passage of the ancient Silk Road extended Beylana’s connection with Barda , Ganja and Tabriz .
Beylagan region borders with Agjabadi , Zardab , Fuzuli , Imishli. The territory of the district is 1.13 thousand sq. Km. The city is Beylagan. The distance between Beylagan and Baku is 265 km.
In the territory of the district animals are characteristic for desert and semi- desert . Riparian forest and meadow areas, porcupines, wild boar, wolf, hedgehog , snake , owl , woodpecker , partridge , grouse , and the remaining low-lying areas, fox , coyote , rabbit , mouse , rat , badger , goose , duck, in unshakable ponds there are worms, ducks, rags, crows, reeds, rush cat, boar and other animals. In the summer months, nightingales and birds like migratory birds nest in the area. Semi-desert plants dominate in Beylagan, which have a smooth relief. In the South-West of the region semi-desert, jungle-ephemeric plants are located between the Upper Garabagh canal, Kura river, the wormwood-ephemeric and wormwood plants, the Tuqay forest, partially protected on the Kura river, Khan gyz and Upper Garabagh canals, cover is superior. Swamp grasses also include a certain area. The narrow forest massifs remain water-soluble, soil-proof and road-protective.
Beylagan region is located in a dry subtropical climate zone. The winter is temperate, the semi-desert , the hot dry arid and dry desert climate. In the winter, the climate is moderate, while the tropical climate prevails in the summer. In this form of climate, the sloping river basin in the northern and southern parts of the area, south-west, and smooth plains on the east influenced by the southern, cyclones, tropics, Central Asia and local air from the east, west and north . Mid January isotherms in the area range from 0 ° C, mid-July isotherm to +24 ° C, t-5 to 10 ° C in winter and 25 to 35 ° C in summer.
The rainfall in the distributed unequally with an average of 350-400 mm. This amount is about 300 mm at the central Aran section, along the Araz and Kura rivers. As a result of the possible evaporation of 800-1400 mm, the humidity ratio is 0.3 and summer time irrigation required.
Large residential areas
The district divided into 31 territorial units, including 1 city, 15 settlements and 24 villages. There are also 37 municipalities.
23 industrial enterprises registered in the Beylagan region and 8 of them are operational in 2009. In 2009 industrial enterprises of the region, as well as physical persons, produced industrial products worth 3,6 million manat at actual prices. The volume of industrial production 37% more than in the corresponding period of 2006. The volume of production in non-state enterprises increased by 17 compared to the previous year and its share in the total industrial output of the region was 69.9 percent. Industrial products worth 3.7 million manat sent to consumers. In 2009, 7.1 million manat of investments were used at the expense of all financial sources, and construction works worth 6.4 million manat were carried out. The gross product output in the region amounted to 96,244.6 thousand manat in 2010, of which 4329.8 thousand manat or 4.5% fell to industry.
Beylagan region is one of the important agricultural regions of our republic. The total area of the district is 113,113 hectares of land. 69.8 percent of the total land area, ie 78.920 hectares, is agricultural land, including 47.9 percent or 54,170 hectares. In addition, there 37,213 hectares of land in the territory of the region, including 4,142 hectares of the National Park, 31,548 ha of canals and collectors and roads, 343 hectares under the Araz River bed and 1,180 hectares in the Border Line, which are in the state fund . Grain, cotton and livestock are the main areas of the region’s economy. In addition, potatoes, grapes, vegetables, melons and fruits grown in farms. Grain, grapes, vegetables, potatoes, onions, livestock products, meat, dairy, cheese, oil and other products included in the domestic market. 45.7 thousand tons of grain, 3.2 thousand tons of pump, 3 thousand tons of potatoes, 13.5 thousand tons of vegetables, 4.5 thousand tons of melons, 6.9 thousand tons of fruit and 30 thousand tons of sugar beet produced in the region in 2010. In 2010, the number of large horned cattle in the region was 55,000 head, and the number of small cattle was 290,000. During the year 34.8 thousand tons of milk produced in the region. 9,000 tons of fruit and 30,000 tons of sugar beet were produced. In 2010, the number of large horned cattle in the region was 55,000 head, and the number of cattle was 290,000. During the year 34.8 thousand tons of milk produced in the region. 9,000 tons of fruit and 30,000 tons of sugar beet were produced. In 2010, the number of large horned cattle in the region was 55,000 head, and the number of cattle was 290,000. During the year 34.8 thousand tons of milk was produced in the region.
The material and cultural heritage
There are several historical monuments in the Beylagan district. These are the Holy Temple Prophet’s sanctuary, the ruins of the ancient Beylagan (Orangala) and Soltanbud hill, surrounded by medieval times.
The Prophet’s Cathedral built in the XVII-XVIII centuries. At present, this sanctuary is a place of faith and worship of Muslims from all regions of Azerbaijan, as well as from Georgia and Dagestan.
The ruins of Beylagan The historical monument of Orankala is located near the village Kabirli, 18 km from the district. Here is the ancient city of Beylagan. According to historical data, it was one of the largest trade and cultural centers of Beylagan city, founded in the V century. This city was completely destroyed by the Mongol invasion of the XIII century. Although the city’s reconstruction began in the 14th century by Amir Teymur , the work that had begun in connection with his death remained unsuccessful. Since the 16th century the city has ruined and never restored.
In addition, there the following historical, architectural and artistic monuments in the preservation of the district department of culture: Saray Hill, Soltanbud Cemetery, Seyid Emine Tomb, Emine Khatin Mosque, Karbala Seyid Aga Tomb, Garay Asadov House Museum, Memorial Complex of Great Patriotic War Participants, Sevil Gaziyeva the house museum and bust, the monument erected in memory of the Hero of the Soviet Union G. Asadov, the Turks Mosque, the Monument of Labor Unity, the statue of M.Beylagan, the bust of Soviet Hero Hazi Aslanov.