Gazakh District

Gazakh District

Gazakh was once a carpark, a sultanate, and then a crash center. Since 1909 it has received the status of the city, and now it is the regional center.

Kazakh region 

The Gazakh district was established on August 8, 1930 , and on January 24 , 1939 , a part of the newly established Aghstafa district was established . The territory of the Agstafa district was part of the Gazakh district on December 4, 1959 , on April 14, 1990 it was separated from the administrative district. In 1982, parts of Ingradara Plateau, Kamarli, Aslanbeyli and Kajmagli villages of Qazakh region were occupied by Armenia under different names in 1986, at 2500 hectares of the Gazakh region.


During the Karabakh war , Armenia has attacked all the regions bordering with Azerbaijan. One of these regions was Gazakh. Armenia has already attacked the village of Baganis Ayrim on the night of March 23-24, 1990, and occupied the village. In April of 1992, the Armenians attacked two villages of the region, Barkhudarli and Sofulu villages were occupied. In the following years, Armenians occupied four more villages in Gazakh. Occupied villages are the villages of Aşağı Əskipara , Xeyrimli , Qızılhacılı , Yukarı Əskipara

Date Kazakh oymaqı (VIII century-XV century) 

According to the prospect, Gazakh was founded by Arabian warrior Marwan bin Mohammed in the VIII century. This place is also known as al-Kufi (IX century), Arabic history, such as Kasak (Kasaq) in connection with the events of the 7th century. My toponym reflects the name of the Kazakh ethnic minority, the Kypchak origin. But some of the gypsies have come to this zone later. It is known that in the XI-XII centuries the massive Kipchak families were transferred from the North Caucasus to East Georgia in order to use Georgian troops as a military force. The founder of the Georgian carrier IV David, only 1118-20The 225-thousand-year-old 45,000 cavalry squad was deployed in Georgia. In the XI-XIII centuries Georgian sources of Eastern Georgia, the Turkic-speaking population was called Didi Turkoba (Great Turkic Empire). Apparently, the majority of those Turkish-speaking people were Kazakhs. This proves ethnotopones belonging to the ethnic Kazakh community spreading in northern Azerbaijan and in Georgia and Armenia.

Kazakh Sultanate (late fifteenth century, 1819 )

At the end of the XV century the Gazakh sultanate was created. During the Safavid period, the Gazakh sultanate was included in Garabagh baylarbeyli .

The judges of the Gazakh sultanate were bearers of the title of Sultan and possessed hereditary power. The Gazakh Sultanate was led by three generations. 1st generation “Gazakhli” or “Alqazaxlı called” Shikhlinski concerns.

Ottoman Sultan Ahmad III ( in 1703 – in 1730 ), according to the Gazakh passed by the Ottomans and the Safavids again when back in Gazakh “Gazakhli” his people have been freed from the government in exchange for Subhanverdi Khan was appointed as the commander of the sultan Gazakh. Thus, Sübhanverdi khan led the II feudal dynasty. Gazakh was divided into four segments (Axtata (Agstafa), İnce, Turk and Cuvar). 205 villages, 10 wintering gardens and 5 nomadic tribes were registered in the Gazakh pillar.


At that time the Gazakh sultanate was still subject to Garabagh beylarbeyli. In 1736 , Nadir Şah himself declared himself a martyr in Mugan . However, Ugurlu khan Ziyad oglu Garabag bey ‘s head protested against his rule. For this reason, after the Nadir Shah sitting on the throne, he gave Gazakh, Shamshadil and Borchali districts to the Kakheti tsar to weaken the influence of Ganja khanate. Later, in 1774 by the decree of the Kakhetii Tsar II Irakli , Pahah Agha, the descendant of Kosa Mirzali Agha, who ruled the Gazakh Sultanate in Salahli, was appointed. Thus, the dominance of the feudal dynasty of the III feudalism began .

In 1752 , the Sultanate of Gazakh was united in the Sheki Khanate , which defeated Irakli II , after the death of Sheki’s khan Haji Chalabi , and again to Irakli II’s sophistication. In 1801 the Gazakh sultanate was united into Russia at the end of Western Georgia .


The relief 

The highest altitude is the “Odun” (1316 meters). The surface is mostly mountainous. The southern part is mountainous and is 600-1200 meters above sea level. In the north there is the Garayazi forest and the Jeyranchol plain. Famous “Goyazan”, “Avey” mountains, “Damcılı” spring are in the territory of this region. Goyazan Mountain is second in the world after its Mon-Pele Mountain, located in the American continent for its beauty. The region is located on the Babagar Mountain, the eastern end of the Babalar ridge . The central part of the Agstafa crosses the river, north-west Injesu , Ahram ( Anaxatır or Khram) west along the northern border Choghaz and Kurarivers run. The sea level of the Kura river is 100 meters high and gradually increases to a height of about 1000 meters to the south. There are Coğazçay, Agstafaçay and Abbasbeyli water reservoirs and Candargöl ( Ağgöl ) lake.


Culture, education and health care facilities

There are 8 large and medium enterprises, 13 medical institutions, 110 cultural centers, 47 secondary schools, 31 pre-school institutions, 2 technical, secondary and vocational schools and 1 higher educational institution in Gazakh.

The population includes 1 “Diagnostic Center”, 7 hospitals, 19 outpatient clinics, 17 medical and healthcare centers.





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