Once upon a time, this city was located on the caravan route between ancient Ganja and Barda . Albanian chronicler Musa Kalankatly notes in his “History of Albania” that Shatai was at the same level as Shaki, Shamakhi , Shabran and Shamkir . On May 14, 1805, the Kurekchay agreement between Russia and the Karabakh khanate was signed on the river Kurekchay , on October 13, 1813, the Gulustan agreementbetween Russia and Qajar was signed in Gulustan villagewas signed. Goranboy region was established for the first time by the Decision of the Central Executive Committee of the Azerbaijan SSR on August 8, 1930, as a center of Goranboy in connection with the creation of an administrative territorial division and districts. By the decision of the Republican Executive Committee dated September 8, 1938, Goranboy region was renamed to Gasim Ismayilov. With the decision of the Supreme Council of the Republic of Azerbaijan dated February 12, 1991, the existence of two districts in the same area was deemed necessary, and the Shaumyan (village) district was abolished and the former name of the district was renamed Goranboy region. The population of Goranboy region heroically fought in the Karabakh war , 288 martyred and 9 people were awarded the honorary title of the National Hero of Azerbaijan. 2016During the night of April 4 and on April 5, the Gulustan village of Azerbaijan was withdrawn from the Armenians during the Armenian aggression in the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict .
Territory and climate
Located in western Azerbaijan, borders with Yevlakh in the north, Tartar in the south, Kalbajar in the southwest, Goygol from the west, and Samukh in the north to the west. The region is mountainous and plains down the north-eastern foothills of the Lesser Caucasus. The southern and southwestern parts cover the northern slopes of the Murovdag range. The north of the district is Bozdag, along the coast of Mingachevir reservoir. Deposits of Poleogen, Neogene and Jurassic-Anthropogenic Period are spread in the area. The geological development of the area has been formed within two large tectonic zones, which differ from each other. Great precipitations have been caused by the devastating earthquake of 7-9 magnitude earthquakes on the eastern slopes of the north-western and Kapaz slopes of the Murovdag summit south of the district. In the north of the district, the altitude of the sea level is 50 m, The highest peak in the south – Murovdag-Gamish is 3724 m in the mountain. The surface is plain to the north-east, and mountainous to the south-west. It is cut by quds and valleys in separate places. Paleogene and Neogene in the highlands, and the Anthropogen sediments in the plains. The world’s only healing oilfield (Naftalan) is here.
The Kazanbulag-Naftalan plain covers most of the region. The absolute height varies from 300 to 800 m. It is composed of crushed stone stones, sand and gilys, which are complicated by the ingredients of Ingichay and Kurekchay.
The armor-arm network, which is 10-12 km long, is located in Kurudara, Gürzalılar, Low Ağcakend zones. In the Murovdag region, south of the region, the highest peak of the Minor Caucasus is Gamishdağ (3724 m), Murovdagh (3340 m), Kechaldağ (2225 m). The diversity of Goranboy’s natural habitat also gives rise to climatic variability: high-mountainous tundra climate, cold weather in winter, mild-warm climate with dry winter, semi-desert and dry desert climate. In mountainous and mountainous areas, winter is relatively tough and summer is cool. The climate is mild, warm and dry subtropical. The average temperature in January is from 1.5 ° C to 1 ° C and from 22 ° C to 26 ° C in July. The annual rainfall is 300-600 mm. The rivers (Kurak, Goran, Korchay) belong to the Kura basin. Chestnut, mountain gray-brown soils. The main vegetation is wormwood and wormwood-saline semi-desert. There are woods.Part of Korchay sanctuary is in the territory of the district.