Goytapa District


According to Azerbaijani historians, the Russian Empire transferred more than 250,000 Russian nationals to the region after the occupation of Azerbaijan khanates in the 19th century . They were located in big cities like Baku and Ganja , as well as in the regions. At that time, some Russians were also settled in Jalilabad. There are many Russian names in the Jalilabad region – Astrahanovka, Tatyana, Nikolayevka, Petrovka, Privolnoye, Mikhaylovka and others.

In the nineteenth century fertile soils were allocated to Russians who were transferred to Azerbaijan, and they were given different privileges in comparison with the local population. The present territory of the Jalilabad region is almost deprived of forest cover, it is desert. My climate dried up. The surrounding area of ​​Goytepe also includes potato areas and vineyards. But 200 years ago the nature of the region was somewhat different. In 1840, the population of the village of Prişib was forced to relocate from the Orenburg province of Russia to the Astrakhanbazar territory of Lankaran. In the twentieth century my name was called Priiship.

After 1992, the previous name of the settlement was returned to Goytepe. Although many Russians moved to Russia after the collapse of the Soviet Union, most of the oak houses built in Russian style were built in Goytepe , where the Azerbaijanis lived, and the Russians who were living here were the elderly


Ancient settlement Goytepe, one of the largest archeological monuments in Ganja-Gazakh region, is located in the center of the right bank of the Kura river, 10 km east of Tovuz. The Goytapa monument is surrounded by some other Neolithic hills (Shomutepe, Kargartarapa, Tyriratapa) range of western part of the range mountains. There are about 400 thousand precipitation per year here. A number of large and small river flows starting from the small Caucasus divide the landscape of the plains by flowing into the Kura river. Goytepe is located on the western terrain of the Zayam River. Goytepe is 150 meters away from the highway (Silk Road) and covers an area of ​​2 hectares at a height of 420 meters above sea level. Its diameter is 145 meters and its height is 8 meters. Goytepe is one of the largest monuments of Şamutepe culture in the area of ​​ancient settlement.

In 2008, the excavation area was divided into squares with a total area of ​​100 square meters (10x10m). The archeological excavations were carried out in 2008-2011 in the area over 1000 square meters. In the course of the excavations 8 meter neolithic layer It is worth mentioning that during the excavations the habitat of the settlement was not found yet. The settlement is of great importance in the study of the main features of the development process in Neolithic period in Azerbaijan and south of the Caucasus. Archaeological excavations in Geoltepe are related to the Neolithic era culture, the ways of early neolithic style development along the midst of the Kura river, and the study of social public life. 

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