Hajigabul district

Hajigabul district  –  administrative and territorial unit in the Republic of Azerbaijan . It is one of the new administrative-territorial units established in 1990 by the decision of the Supreme Soviet of the Republic of Azerbaijan.


Hajigabul district covers the Shirvan plain and the south-eastern part of the Great Hims. The plain part of the area is below the sea level. Neogene and Anthropogenic sediments are spread. There are mud volcanoes. Useful minerals: oil, gas, clay, ges. The summer is characterized by the moderate hot semi-desert and dry desert climate. The average temperature is 2 ° C in January and 26 ° C in July. The Kur and Pirsaat rivers flow from the area. Hajigabul lake is in the territory of the region. Gray-brown, grass-grass, saline soils are spread. The vegetation is half-desert type. The gazelles, the red-tailed sandwiches, the turtle, the turquoise and the pigeon are settled.


Education Department of Hajigabul region has been operating since 1990. There are 33 general education schools, 4 out-of-school institutions and 3 pre-school institutions. Of the general education schools, 3 are general secondary and 29 are full secondary schools. One of the full secondary schools is internationally and two are functioning as high school students. 10 of the full secondary schools are located in the district center. In the 2012-2013 academic year, 9473 pupils are enrolled in general education schools. 823 teachers are engaged in training of pupils. 20 of the schools operate in a building built on a number of projects, and 12 in a reconstructed building. In the last 7 years, 11 new school buildings for 3240 seats were built, 35 additional classrooms were built in 5 schools and 9 schools were renovated. Thus, in 2005 for 240 secondary schools for Udulu village secondary school, A 100-seat Gubali village secondary school, 240 seats for the Gizilburun village secondary school in 2006, 420 seats for Padar settlement secondary school in 2007, and 640 seats for school-high school No. 8 in 2008 , 240 places for full secondary school No. 9, 220 places for Tava village secondary school in 2009, 640 places for Garasu village secondary school in 2010, 240 seats for general secondary school in Kurchuli village, In 2012, new school buildings for 180 pupils for full-time secondary school in Pirsaat settlement and 80 pupils for Taglili village secondary school were built and put into operation. In addition, in 2005 there were five extra classrooms for 100 places in the Garasu village secondary school, Additional classroom for 120 places in Kolani village secondary school in 2007 and four extra classrooms for 80 places in Abdulabad village secondary school, 10 additional classrooms for 200 places in Ranjbar village secondary school in 2012, Gubali village secondary school 7 additional classrooms for 140 seats were built and put into operation. In addition, in 2006 there was a full-time secondary school № 2 in Navahi settlement, secondary school № 1 in 2007, secondary school № 3 and №6 in 2008, In 2011, the secondary school in Atabul village, secondary school in Ranjbar village, and Maeyanan village secondary school were renovated. Over the past 7 years, 260 teacher rooms, 250 teacher stools, 230 posters and 1700 sets have been given to the schools.


The Hajigabul district is located in the south-east of the Kura-Araz lowland . The history of Hajigabul city in the district center dates back to the 9th century. The meaning of the word “Hajiqabul” means “Allah accept your pilgrimage”. The origin of this word is related to the fact that this city was located on the road leading to the sacred sanctuaries of Muslims, Mecca and Madinah . The pilgrims could not do so long. This place was ideal for camping.

The historical and cultural monuments 

In the 15th century, Shah Abbas built caravanserai on the shore of the same name in the present-day Hajigabul city. During the reign of the Shirvanshahs dynasty, Mahmudabad was erected here. The Great Silk Road passed through this city. Caravans going to the Persian Gulf region were going from here. Employees of the Institute of Archeology and Ethnography of the Azerbaijan Academy of Sciences discovered a cyclopic structure with petroglyphs on the Mount Haram, located on the north-western side of Hajigabul. As a result of the investigations it was found out that this building is about 5 thousand years old. There are human and fantastic animal images on stones found around these buildings. Scientists describe these images as eneolite and bronze periods.

The carpet weaving art has grown well in the district. The yellow carpets, which belong to the Shirvan carpet-weaving school, are of special interest. There are historical and architectural monuments in Hajigabul region. In the village Baloglan of Gubali, the Piri sanctuary, fortress walls, minarets mosque, caravanserai (all belong to the XIII century), XIV century residence, XV and XVIII – XIX centuries belonging to Huseyn Khanagah, belonging to the XIII – XIV centuries in the village of Udulu were erected in the Middle Ages the Qungormaz tower of defense, and the caravanserai built in the 15th century on the east coast of Hajigabul lake . [1]

There are Pir Husein Khanagah of XI-XIV centuries in the district. Pir Huseyn khanegah was declared historical-architectural reserve according to the relevant decree of the Ministry of Culture of the Republic of Azerbaijan dated 22.01.2004. Taking into account the great importance of Pir Huseyn’s khanate in the history and architecture of Azerbaijan, it was protected by the state as a national architectural monument based on the decision of the Cabinet of Ministers of the Republic of Azerbaijan dated August 2, 2001. The construction of the buildings belonging to Pir Huseyn Khanagah , located in Hajigabul region , began in the beginning of the XI century. The castle wall surrounding the walls is likely to be built in XIII century. XIV century historian Vassaf In 1318, the Golden Horde KhanTells his commanders about the return of gold bulliones , jewelry, precious fur and other valuable property seized by Uzbek warriors. In the early years of the Soviet era, the brown pegs from the tomb of Pir Huseyn were exhibited at the St. PetersburgHermitage and the State Museum of Georgiastored. The existence of an ancient cemetery near the Khanga, proves that there is a large dwelling place in that area. The initial rehabilitation works at Pir Huseyn Khanate began in 1981 and some of the monuments were partially restored. Taking into account the state of emergency in the monument in 2003, the Ministry of Culture together with the Hajigabul District Executive Authority started the rehabilitation of the Pir Huseyn Khanate. At present, the work is in progress.


The Baku-Tbilisi railway runs through the district. Its length is 58 km. 82 km of the Great Silk Road passes through the region. These roads are the I and II category roads. There are no recreational and tourism zones, sports complexes in the district. There are more than 35 large public and private enterprises in the region. The largest of these enterprises is the Kura Pipeline Production Operations Administration. It has been operating since 1971 and has been further expanded and expanded during its independence. Presently, the surrounding regions and the city of Baku provide drinking water. There are about 500 employees in the administration. The Linear Gas Pipeline Production Department and the Kalmaz Underground Gas Stations provide the Republic with the blue gas fuel. There are more than 300 employees in the offices. Railway organization operates in the district. These organizations form uninterrupted and qualitative movements of railway transport in the territory of the republic. “Adishirin” and “Pirsaat” poultry farms provide Hajigabul and surrounding regions with quality poultry and eggs. More than 400 people are employed in these enterprises. The foundation of both farms was laid during the independence period.



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