Jalilabad district 

Jalilabad district 

Jalilabad is one of the ancient settlements of Azerbaijan. The town of Hamasar, which was located in the district. II millennium. Historical sources show that the city is surrounded by a magnificent castle of 3 meters in height. After the attacks of Arabs Hamashara city was destroyed and subsequently Hasilli cityfamous. As a result of the relocation of Russians to Azerbaijan in the 1930s, the city of Astarhanbazar, which was inhabited by Azerbaijanis and Russians, became the center of the province. Jalilabad region was organized on August 8, 1930 . 1967 in Astarxanbazar years, since June 2, 1967, in honor of a prominent writer and playwright Mamedkuluzade named Jalilabad. May 26, 1964Bilasuvar administrative territorial unit joined the district on January 6, 1965and became an independent region. 


Jalilabad is one of the ancient settlements of Azerbaijan. The city of Hamasara, which existed in the district, belongs to the 2nd millennium BC.Ancient sources point out that the city is surrounded by magnificent fortress walls with a height of 3 meters. After the Arab invasion, the town of Hamashar collapsed and later the city ​​of Hashrl became popular. As a result of the relocation of Russians to Azerbaijan in the 1930s, the city of Astrahanbazar, which was inhabited by Azerbaijanis and Russians , became the center of the province. Developing a new market for the real market, Shirvanli Mashadi Mammad

Geographical position 

Jalilabad is bordered by Bilasuvar to the north , Neftchala from the east , Masally to the south, Yardimli to the south. It is located on the border of Kur-Araz lowland. The district’s territory is plain and low-mountainous; in the eastern part some places are below sea level. The summer is drought-prone to mild-warm semi-desert and dry desert climate. Aran-Plain (south of the Mugan Plain and part of the Lenkoran lowland) and low altitude due to its relief. Barkarchay, Misharchay, İncchay, Goytepachay, Hamashara and other temporary rivers flow through the district. The soils are alluvium-grass, chestnut, brown mountain, forest and so on. The center of the district, Jalilabad,It is located 210 km from Astara highway.

Allevual part of lowland meadow soil types, chestnut, highland zone chestnut, brown mountain-forest lands. Semi-desert, desert, mountain xerophilous plants and other developed. 17.1 thousand hectares, or 11 percent of the region’s territory is covered by forests. 50 per cent of the forests of chestnut leaf oak, hornbeam, 16.5 percent and 6.5 percent, beech, birch and the rest free, ironwood and other plants have been organized. The first group and the role of forests in soil sunizamlayıcı 0,4-0,5 occupancy level of productivity among banitet IV-V.

The district animals, rabbit, wild boar, badger, wolf, coyote, fox, beaver and other animals, eagle, little bustard, bustard, lark, partridge, duck, goose, coot, pheasant, stork and the lives of others. In the mountainous region of the district, rare plants are grown.

Natural resources include oil-and-gas fields, lime, clay, sand and stone deposits.

The relief 

The area of ​​Jalilabad is plain and low mountainous. Some parts of the eastern part of the region are lower than the ocean level. Bolqarchay , Misharchay , İncchay , Goytepajay and other temporary rivers flow through the district . The lands are alluvial-meadow, chestnut, brown mountain, forest and so on.


There are 14,700 hectares of forest in Jalilabad, as well as bird wintering. Animals are rabbits, wild boars, badgers, wolves, foxes, jackals and beagles, birds, eagles, crows, turquoise, shrubs, ducks, ghosts, gulls, pheasants, stork and gulls.

The climate 

Jalilabad spring has a droughty-warm climate. The average temperature is 1-3 ° C in the winter and 25-30 ° C in the summer. The annual rainfall is 400-600 mm.

Large residential areas 

The largest settlement in the Jalilabad region is Goytapa. Prior to independence, Goytepe was called Prixib, and after its independence, its historical name was restored. As a military city, there were many multinational residents during the Soviet era. There are approximately 35,000 residents currently living there. There are factories, factories, hospitals, vocational schools, secondary schools, and many other public science institutions in the city.


Jalilabad region is one of the most important agricultural regions of our country. Grain, potato and viticulture are the main areas in the economy of the region. In addition, vegetables are grown in vegetables, melons and fruits.


The material and cultural heritage

There are 50 historical and archeological monuments in the Jalilabad district. Among them are the Aleukömtepe and Misharchai settlements belonging to the Eneolithic era, the Kurudara settlement of the IV millennium, the Yedditepe mounds of the Bronze Age, the Cinlitepe settlement of the III millennium BC, the remains of the ancient Mughan and Bajiravan cities, Kazan lodge, Bajiravan mounds, Pirhasan, Historical monuments like Zoroastrian huts.




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