Samukh District


Samukh region  administrative and territorial unit in the Republic of Azerbaijan . The administrative center is Samukh . It is one of the new administrative-territorial units established in 1990 by the decision of the Supreme Soviet of the Republic of Azerbaijan.

The Samukh region also  organized in the territory of the former Safaraliyev district, which the center of Safaraliyev’s settlement, by Decree 72 of the National Council of the Supreme Council of the Republic of Azerbaijan dated February 18, 1992 . With the decision of the National Council dated December 31, 1992 , the name of Safaraliyev settlement renamed Nebiaaghali settlement. ” On Partial Amendments to the Administrative Territorial Division of the Samukh Region of the Republic of Azerbaijan ” of June 13, 2008 of the Republic of Azerbaijan the Nebiağalı settlement and Kolayır village combined with the Law dated to the year and named the Samukh settlement and given the status of the city of Samukh.


Safaraliyev district also established on the territory of Kirovabad (present-day Ganja ) by the decision of the Supreme Soviet of Azerbaijan SSR dated January 24, 1939 and included in the republican districts from the Kirovabad city districts by Decree 11 of the Supreme Council of the Azerbaijan SSR dated January 16, 1940 has been made. 1948 since the Mingechevir hydroelectric power station on the territory of the flooded, 1931 th year on 24 November in the former Samukh region of Azerbaijan SSR Supreme Soviet abolished by the decision of 28 January 1954 and consolidated into the Safaraliyev district. By the Decree of the Supreme Soviet of the Azerbaijani SSR dated December 4, 1959 , Safaraliyev district also annexed as an independent region and consolidated into the city of Ganja . Since January 1963, the territory of the former Safaraliyev district also included in the Khanlar ( Goygol district ) region.

Samukh District


Opinions about Samukh history

There are also  different opinions about the history and the origin of Samukh. According to more widely accepted ideas, the origin of the name “Samukh” is related to the ancient Albanian toponim , “woodland”, “wood”. Firstly Samukh, adjacent to Ganja, is bordered by Georgia to the north. The territory of this region was once part of the Caucasian Albanian state. The word “samukh” can be translated as “forest land for hunting” in ancient Albanian language. In the eighteenth century Samukh was one of the four provinces of the Ganja Khanate . At that time, Samukh district Boiler mountains of the foot of the Black Gully and Gabirri.  Among the valleys, Kura occupied the coast of the river . Until then, he subordinated to other administrative divisions of Azerbaijan , and for some time he was named Safaraliyev.

Geographical position

The relief

Firstly the Samukh region is part of the Ganja-Gazakh region and the Central-Kura economic region. The climate is dry and continental.

Its territory is 1455 sq. Km. 1082 sq km from it. state fund lands, 82 municipality, 133 are private land. There are 708 of agricultural land in the region, which is also the land

Samukh also  has 23 administrative-territorial units and 35 settlements. Of these, one city, 5 settlements and 29 villages. 23 municipalities operate.

The territory of the district bordered by the Ganja city, Goygol, Shamkir, Tovuz, Gakh, Yevlakh, Goranboy regions and the Republic of Georgia.

The territory of Samukh is mostly plain. Part of the territory  surrounded by the Kura sediments, the Jeyranchol physical and geographical area, the Boz mountain range, and the Alazan valley in the north.

Kura, Gabriere (Iori), Alazan (Ganikh), Ganja and Goshgar rivers flow through the district.


On the left bank of the Gabriri River in the Samukh region, at the altitude of 400-600 meters above sea level, in the mountain ranges called Ellerogyu, 392 hectares naturally spread, only the relic of Eldar pine forest spread in this area. Such a unique area was first declared as a reserve area in 1910, as the “Eldar Shamy” forests in the Caucasus . Azerbaijan, the homeland of all  Azerbaijan, widely spread in the United States as well as in the United States as well as in the wilderness of Central Asia, East Asia, Romania, Bulgaria, and even in the ocean. The Eldar lamp store attracted the attention of world scientists. In this area, along with the Eldar candlestick included in the “Red Book”, valuable juniper and gum trees have also developed.

As part of the Turanchay State Nature Reserve as a branch of the “Eldar Shamy” forestry by the Decree of the Cabinet of Ministers of the Republic of May 16, 1958 , the State Nature Reserve of the Goy-Gol State Nature Reserve re-established in 1965 and functioned as a branch office on 16 December 2004 .

The Eldar pine still being studied by Russian scientist S.Medvedyev since 1901. And reported to be the kind of relic that is not analogous to the world.


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