Sumgait City

Sumqayit  is the third-largest city in Azerbaijan.  Located near the Caspian Sea, about 31 kilometres (19 miles) away from the capital,Baku. The city has a population of around 298,000, making it the third-largest city  in Azerbaijan after the capital Baku and  and Ganja. The city has a territory of 83 square kilometres (32 sq mi). It wa founded on November 22, 1949. Two settlements are within the city administration.  Gorat and Haji Zeynalabdin , a settlement named after because oil businessman and philanthropist Haji  Zeynalabdin Taghiyev. It is home to Sumgait State University.

According to historians, and Medean tribes lived in the area. During the construction boom, when the foundation of the executive power building wa being excavate, remains of an ancient caravanserai along with personal items and kitchenware  found at the site.

The first reports of settlements at the present site of Sumgayit were in 1580, when English traveller H. Barrow mentioned Sumgayit.  In his writings and in 1858, when Alexander Dumas wrote about the area in his memoirs Trip to Caucasus.  But Although nothing substantial  created on the site until the Soviet Union gained control over the area in the 1920s.


The first studies in architecture and urban planning of the city of Sumgait were carried out by Azerbaijani and Soviet scientist, academician of the International Academy of Architecture of the Eastern Countries, honored architect of Azerbaijan SSR Kamal Mammadbeyov. The result of years of research were numerous scientific publications and a book about architectural and planning development of the city of Sumgait. Mammadbeyov donated a large number of graphics and illustrations made by him to the archives of The City Museum.

Ethnic composition

Azerbaijans 97.74%, Lezgin 1.13%, Russians 0.69%, Talysh 0.15%, Turkish 0.06%, others 0.23%

Until the events of the dissolution of the Soviet Union it was home to 20.000 Armenians, and who as a result of tensions and war were displaced as refugees.

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