Shirvan National Park

Shirvan National Park

No meta description has been specified. Search engines will display copy from the page instead. Salyan and Neftchala regions. Water reservoirs occupy about 4,000 hectares of the park, and most of the park has semi-desert landscape.

The entrance to Shirvan National Park is located on the Baku-Alat-Astara highway, approximately 100 km south of the capital  Baku. The park, which is about 20 to 27 meters below sea level, is located in flat semi-deserts interrupted  only by a few artificial channels, a semi-artificial lake and a few mud volcanoes. Hot and dry summers and cool and dry winters observed in the park’s area. The diversity of the terrain, vegetation and soil cover allow to distinguish a number of natural landscapes.

One of the main attractions in Salyan is Shirvan National Park, created in 2003 out of a nature reserve that has existed here since 1969. It covers the territory of 55 hectares and founded to preserve the local flora and fauna, especially gazelles listed in the Red Book. There are 34 species of birds in the reserve, 14 of which listed in the Red Book. There are tours for visitors available in the park and guest houses for the visitors, as well.

National Park

Besides gazelles, other mammals such as foxes, jackals, hares and wolves, wild and jungle cats, lizards, snakes, badgers, beavers, jerboas, long-eared hedgehogs, bats, and turtles may encountered at the park.

The national park has an extremely rich ornithological fauna. Rare and valuable species of birds such as bustard, swan, flamingo, etc.  Spend the winter and nest in the marshy areas of the park.

Moreover, mud volcanoes imprint the scenery of Shirvan National Park. There are three mud volcanoes in the Shirvan National Park, which are rich in terms of their high bulging craters.The difference of mud volcanoes in the area are their excretion of liquid mud and oil instead of fiery lava. The mud pressed to the surface by gases like methane or hydrogen sulphide.

While the semi-desert characterized by a scattered vegetation cover, the mud volcanoes are almost free of vegetation. Bandovan Mountain is the most famous mud volcano in the park.

Research by: Ulduz Tourism

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