It is located in the centre of the country and belongs to the Aran Economic Region. The district borders the districts of Agdash, Ujar, Kurdamir, Imishli, Beylagan, Aghjabadi, and Barda. Its capital and largest city is Zardab. As of 2020, the district had a population of 59,300.
The widespread distribution of the people in the Bronze Age phase of the primitive community, and the fact that the dwelling places were often built on the riverbeds suggest that people lived in the Zerdab territory from the Bronze Age.
The historian of the 14th century, Abu Bakr al-Qutbi al-Ahari, in the History of Sheikh Uweiss, mentions the history of Hulaku, the Mongol rulers say that during the reign of Abaqa Khan (1265-1282), the Hulakular state was as strong as in 1266, Abaqa Khan said that, from the Kura River and Delan Naur to the Desert Desert, the land of Samegars, Menku-Temur and Ulcay, the land of their descendants, was their winter home … “Delan Naur is spoken of in the Mongol language by” Seventy lakes ” These lakes, called lakes in the Hajigabul-Kurdamir-Zardab areas in the north of the Kura, have been named.
The narrative was in ancient times a large and rich city of Zardab, called Erayiz, near the village of Bıçaqçı. This city was destroyed for some reason. Even now, people in the surrounding villages say to one another: “There is no city called Erayiz that you can hide, and you will not be able to find it.”
There is a lake named Gandhi in the vicinity of Upper Seyidlar village of Zardab. It is still unclear what this name is about. However, it is known that water in the lake is in the lake. According to local residents, at the depths of the lake there is a building blocked from red bricks, and bricks of this building are red.
The records of the prominent scholars of Barzani’s age, and today, the records of Kelpukand, written in the documents of the end of the Middle Ages, have been written. These historical sources say that there was a ferry in Bridgehand, and caravans from Shamakhi to Garabagh, Georgia, Iravan passed through this bridge.
Zardab is a meaning Yellow Water. There are several interpretations of the translation. Some interpret Yellow Water as “dirty water” referring to the dirty debris left after historic floods of the Kura River which goes through the Zardab raion. These floods do not take place any more since the construction of Mingachevir reservoir which prevented the Kura river from overflowing. Another version states the term “yellow” refers to the golden colour. That is, after the floods, the overflown river used to deliver the water necessary for arrogation, therefore making it as precious as gold. And finally, the third version states the reference is made to the second interpretation of the word “Zard” which also means “eatable bird” which in turn refers to the Zərd-əncirquşu birds which are in Zardab’s habitat.